Coffee is a beverage. The roasting and grounding of coffee beans produce coffee. Its beans come from coffee cherries, which grows on coffee trees.
The coffee tree is a small shrub/tree, which grows in the tropical region.
Extraction Process of Coffee
Coffee has its specific taste and aroma, with a sharp trace of caffeine.
The extraction method of coffee is of two types:
- Cold Extraction (which involves low-pressure extraction)
- Extraction (high-pressure extraction i.e. espresso)
Nutritional Content of Coffee
Following beneficial nutrients found in coffee;
- Vitamin B3 (known as niacin)
- Vitamin B2 (known as riboflavin)
MEDICAL USES OF DRINKING COFFEE
1. Psychoactive compound
Coffee acts as a stimulant for the mind. This action is by the blocking effect of inhibitory neurotransmitters.
It leads to an improvement in memory, vigilance, and energy.
2. Metabolism booster
Drinking coffee may boost your metabolism rate. It will help you to burn fat at a faster rate. This effect of coffee is helpful for people who want to lose weight.
3. Removal of LDL
Drinking coffee will help you maintain healthy balance cholesterol. That means that it removes bad cholesterol from the body.
Health Benefits of Drinking Coffee
Following are the beneficial effects of coffee:
Diabetes is a worldwide problem, which may cause blindness and other diseases.
The consumption of caffeine reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes. Studies show that one cup of coffee daily reduces the risk of diabetes by 7%.
Intake of caffeine may reduce the risk of liver diseases that includes hepatitis.
Research shows, 04 or more cups of coffee may reduce the risk of liver disease by up to 80 percent.
3. Chronic Pain
Coffee helps to reduce the muscle pain of the body up to 48 percent by drinking its two cups.
Also, increase the numbers of neurotransmitters (like dopamine & norepinephrine). They enhance the functions of the brain, including energy levels, memory, vigilance, or mood.
4. Alzheimer’s Disease
Neurodegenerative disease is the most common disease worldwide. Alzheimer’s is an example of such a disease.
Studies show that taking coffee reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s up to 65 percent.
Caffeine is also a good source to reduce weight. It increases the rate of metabolism by 3 to 11 percent.
Coffee can also increase fat burning ability in people.
Depression is the most common and severe disorder, which affects mental health.
Studies reveal that 04 or more cups of coffee per day reduce the risk of depression by up to 20%.
Cancer is common, and death causing disease. It happens due to the production of abnormal cells in the body.
Coffee helps to reduce the level of cancer like Liver and Colorectal Cancer. According to studies, approx. 40 percent of liver cancer and 15 percent of Colorectal cancer is lower by taking 04 to 05 cups of coffee per day.
8. Heart Problems
Intake of caffeine may increase blood pressure. Some studies reveal that 03 cups of coffee per day decreases the risk of heart disease or stroke by 20 percent.
9. Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s causes slow movements, tremors, speech problems, and other health problems.
However, coffee plays a vital role in reducing the level of Parkinson’s disease.
Everybody wants a clean, healthy, and moisturized skin. Coffee plays a vital role in doing so.
Even a scrub of coffee ground with coconut oil can reduce the appearance of cellulite.
Although everyone wants a better growth of hair, especially men.
According to studies, the treatment of hair follicles with coffee increases hair growth. It can also increase the hair cycle by 37 percent.
Side Effects of Drinking Coffee
Following are the concluded side effects of coffee:
1. Blood Pressure
Usually, coffee reduces depression or improves mental health. Nevertheless, its over-consumption may cause high blood pressure, which produces adverse effects.
Caffeine increases alertness and relaxes the brain. However, a high dose of caffeine leads to nervousness and anxiety.
3. Heart Attack
On the one hand, caffeine can reduce heart attacks. On the other hand, 04 or more cups of caffeine increase a chance of heart strokes in adults.
It is due to an increase in blood pressure in the body.
4. Muscle Breakdown
Muscle breakdown (Rhabdomyolysis) is a rare but serious condition. A high dose of caffeine (approx. 500 mg per day) causes this condition.
The condition can damage muscles. It can lead to kidney failure and other health problems. To reduce the risk of Rhabdomyolysis, limit the amount of caffeine by 250 mg per day.
5. Gout Attack
A gout attack is usually due to an excess amount of caffeine in the body.
To reduce the risk of a Gout attack (sensations as if the big toe is on fire) minimizes the intake of caffeine.
6. Heart Beat
A heavy dose of caffeine per day may increase the rate of heartbeat or rhythm in the body.
Nevertheless, this effect varies from person to person. So to avoid increased heart rate, limit the intake of caffeine.
Intake of caffeine at bedtime can cause insomnia. Therefore, to get proper sleep, it should not take caffeine at bedtime.
Caffeine may cause ingestion or upset the stomach. Studies shows, intake of caffeine on an empty stomach can upset the stomach.
2 or fewer cups of coffee per day may not affect pregnant women.
However, a high dose of caffeine increases the risk of miscarriage. It also affects the health of the fetus, such as low weight birth or premature birth.
According to studies, 70 percent of women affected by incontinence. That was due to the excessive consumption of caffeine.
INTERACTION WITH MEDICINES
Coffee has adverse effects when using stimulant drugs. Examples include Epinephrine, pseudoephedrine, and others.
It will lead to a serious health problem that causes hypertension, palpitation, or nervousness. So to avoid negative interactions, it is advisable not to take caffeine with medicines.
Coffee is rich in nutritional components with a higher amount of caffeine. Its taste and texture make a yummy tasteful beverage. Coffee also has great medicinal importance as well.
However, overconsumption of Coffee may even cause negative effects. Therefore, to avoid side effects, it is advisable to consume coffee in a moderate amount.